India and the US now increasingly look at each to operate in tandem or in coordination in the Indo-Pacific and also in the Quadilateral, or the Quad – that has Australia and Japan besides US and India.
China is expanding its nuclear arsenal, adding longer range missiles, some with multiple warheads and is moving towards adopting a ‘launch-on-warning posture’ for its land-based long range nukes, called the inter-continental ballistic missiles (ICBM’s).
The scope includes: Out-pacing China; developing a National Defense Strategy; streamlining and strengthening cooperation with US allies and partners, particularly in the Indo-Pacific; bolstering deterrence; accelerate development of new operational concepts; emerging capabilities and future force posture.
Quad partners – Japan and Australia – we’re continuing to identify options for cooperation in the areas of vaccine manufacturing capacity in India
‘new play book’ terming what he said was the new ‘cold war’ which had offence and defence. “You cannot defend your way through. Your strategy should not only be to retard China’s advance, we have to good ourselves”. There was a need to spend more. Put your finger on two fields where you just cannot play defensive, you got to play offence. It is about running faster than the other guy instead of just trying to slow the other guy down.
NATO had looked after post-world war interests of Europe and US, the common security interests of ‘Quad’ are still being defined, but would be clearly aimed at countering Chinese aggression of not following a rules based order.
The US is clear that in order to deal with these things in the future, we are going to hold China accountable to follow the rules whether it relates to the South China Sea or the North China Sea, or their agreement made on Taiwan, or a whole range of other things.
New Delhi has suggested it can host new production lines, participate in US export orders for the Asian market and host maintenance repair and overhaul (MRO) facilities for US equipment operating in the Indo-Pacific.
India and US from reluctance to trust
Historically, Indo-US relations held a promise in the 1960s when President Kennedy and Prime Minister Nehru were at the helm but were held hostage to apprehensions for about four decades.