India will protect its capital city, New Delhi, with a US made systems supplied by Raytheon. As of now the Indian air defence uses a mix of Russian, Israeli and Indian missile systems.
This will include a clutch of ground based radars, fire control centres, ground launched air defence missiles and also air to air missiles famously known as AMRAAM.
The US Department of State approved a possible sale to India for what is called the Integrated Air Defense Weapon System (IADWS). It would cost $1.867 billion ( Rs 13500 ccrore). The Defense Security Cooperation Agency said on Monday morning ( US Time) that India has requested the $1.867 billion system to expand its existing air defense architecture to counter threats posed by air attack.
The the Defense Security Cooperation Agency said the approval is for five AN/MPQ-64Fl Sentinel radar systems; 118 of the AMRAAM AIM120C-7/C-8 missiles; three AMRAAM Guidance Sections; four (4) AMRAAM Control Sections; and one hundred thirty-four (134) Stinger FIM-92L missiles. Fire Distribution Centers (FDC); Handheld Remote Terminals; Electrical Optical/Infrared (EO/IR) Sensor Systems; AMRAAM Airborne Instrumentation Units, Multi-spectral Targeting System-Model A (MTS-A); Canister Launchers (CN); High Mobility Launchers (HML); Dual Mount Stinger (DMS) Air Defense Systems; Vehicle Mounted Stinger Rapid Ranger Air Defense Systems
The IADWS type system was okayed in 2018 and the Defence acquisitions council (DAC), chaired by India’s Defence Minister had approved the ‘acceptance of necessity’ (AoN) for the acquisition of the system
This will provide a multi-layered missile shield over the National Capital Territory of Delhi. As per the proposed overall air defence plan for Delhi, the innermost layer – or the last resort — of protection will be through the IADWS
What does it do?
The IADWS is actually the NASAMS-II it is an upgraded version of the Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace/Raytheon National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System (NASAMS) and features new 3D mobile surveillance radars and 12 missile launchers for quicker reaction. The new air-defence system will eventually supplement the long-delayed indigenous two-tier ballistic missile defence (BMD) shield that is in an advanced stage of development by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
A NASAMS battery consists of up to 12 multi-missile launchers, each of which can carry six AIM-120-series advanced medium-range air-to-air missiles (AMRAAMs) or other surface-to-air missiles (SAMs). It can have up to eight AN/MPQ-64 Sentinel X-band 3D radars and four fire distribution centres (FDCs). These will be backed by electrooptical and infrared (EO/IR) sensor system vehicles.